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McGlinchey Lecturer: Abortion rules must respect women’s dignity

February 23, 2016

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Yale Law Professor Reva Siegel delivered Tulane’s McGlinchey Lecture on Federal Litigation Feb. 22.

Photo by Paula Burch-Celentano 


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Tulane Law Dean David Meyer (left), Professor Stephen M. Griffin (back right) and members of the Dermot S. McGlinchey Family -- Ellen McGlinchey, Hal Moffett (A&S '90 and L '95), Deirdre McGlinchey Moffett (L '95) and Fionuala McGlinchey Monsted (N '90) -- joined McGlinchey lecturer Reva Siegel (center) after her presentation.

State abortion regulations designed to protect the dignity of human life also must respect women’s dignity, Yale Law Professor Reva Siegel told a full-house audience at Tulane Law School Feb. 22. But restrictions the U.S. Supreme Court is poised to hear arguments on March 2 don’t pass that test, she said during the Dermot S. McGlinchey Lecture on Federal Litigation.

The implications of Whole Woman’s Health v. Hellerstedt, No. 15-274, a Texas case that came through the New Orleans-based 5th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals, extend much farther than abortion, she said: “The stakes here are not just women’s dignity but … the dignity of law.”

Since the Supreme Court upheld the constitutional right to abortion in the 1992 case of Planned Parenthood v. Casey, states have tried adopting various types of rules regulating the procedure. That’s because the Casey ruling allows government to protect the unborn as long as the restrictions don’t unduly burden the constitutional right that the court first announced in Roe v. Wade in 1973.

Lawmakers say the latest rules under challenge are meant to protect women’s health, but opponents argue they don’t have that effect but instead interfere with women’s rights by forcing clinics to close.

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The packed-room audience for the Feb. 22 McGlinchey Lecture included Tulane Law Professors Robert Westley and Saru Matambanadzo.

Federal courts are divided on their role in reviewing the regulations: should they look closely at the health justifications or refrain from second-guessing state legislatures’ determinations about protecting patient safety? A three-judge 5th Circuit panel in June largely upheld a Texas law requiring abortion clinics to meet the medical standards of surgical facilities and that physicians at those clinics have admitting privileges at a hospital with 30 miles. 

Siegel argued that courts shouldn’t just stand by as fundamental rights are eroded. “The courts are here to guard against constitutional  double-talk,” she said.

Siegel said the right to abortion shouldn’t be allowed to expire through “death by a thousand cuts,” the kind of progressive chipping away that diminishes protections though not explicitly. That approach to overturning Roe v. Wade “would threaten a lot more than the right to abortion,” she said.

“What we’re calling for is honesty in what would be entailed in reversing the decision.”

Siegel said she wouldn’t speculate on how the court would rule — or the likely impact of Justice Antonin Scalia’s recent death on the outcome. But she clearly expects that Justice Anthony Kennedy’s perspective again will prove key to the majority’s reasoning.

The McGlinchey Lecture, established in 1996, is permanently endowed and sponsored by the McGlinchey Stafford firm to honor its late co-founder Dermot S. McGlinchey (L ’57). A loyal Tulanian, McGlinchey also was devoted to promoting equal access to the courts. McGlinchey Stafford has more than 190 attorneys working in 13 offices in eight states and Washington, D.C. 

 
   


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